Cartoonists Take Up Smoking Logo Square
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By the 1960s, mentholated cigarettes were especially popular among African Americans, to whom they were heavily marketed. Three brands—Brown & Williamson’s KOOL, Lorillard’s Newport, and R.J. Reynolds’ Salem—made up the lion’s share of menthol cigarettes. Not a single advertisement for a non-menthol brand ever appeared in the leading African-American magazine Ebony in its 70-year existence under its original publisher—and not a single article ever appeared on the leading preventable cause of death among African Americans: cigarette smoking.

Cultural events such as the Ebony Fashion Fair, an annual national tour hosted by Black sororities in dozens of cities, was sponsored by R.J. Reynolds’ More cigarettes throughout the 1980s. Brown & Williamson’s KOOL Achiever Awards gave cash grants to black community leaders throughout the nation. Philip Morris, maker of Benson & Hedges, Virginia Slims, Marlboro and other menthol brands, was a prominent sponsor of meetings of Black newspaper publishers and Black journalists, as well as of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

This extensive public relations campaign by the cigarette companies may explain the virtual absence of black leaders who denounced the targeting of African Americans by the tobacco industry. Grassroots anti-smoking activism gradually emerged only in the late-1980s. In response, Philip Morris executives accused anti-smoking advocates of paternalism. Defending its support of leading Black civic organizations, dance companies, and arts groups, CEO George Weissman cited its many other national and local sponsorships, including the Boy Scouts, the YMCA, museums, and hospitals. In other words, “We advertise to everybody.”

Although progress has been made over the past thirty years in reducing cigarette smoking among African Americans and in restricting cigarette advertising, smoking-related heart disease and lung cancer still take a disproportionate toll on African Americans.

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Learn more about Smoking and Minorities in our exhibition…

Mice and Menthol Small Logo

“Sui-Genocide: The Killing of Minority Groups by the Tobacco Industry” (56:13)

Plenary presentation by Alan Blum, MD
National Conference on Cancer in Minority Populations
MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

“Liberation Cigarettes” (0:58)

Deloyd Parker, director of the SHAPE (Self-Help for African People through Education) Community Center in Houston, Texas, points out the tobacco industry’s use of the colors of the African liberation flag (red, black, and green) in cigarette advertising and packaging.

From “Medicine vs. Madison Avenue,” a video by Doctors Ought to Care (DOC)

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1998 Jackson Cartoon Sponsors of Pretty Brown Baby Contest 1

“New Smokums, Proud sponsors of the pretty brown baby”

Tim Jackson
The Chicago Defender

2000 Tim Jackson Back to School

“Back to School!”

Tim Jackson
The Chicago Defender

2004 Jackson Cartoon Illinois Raising Cig Price 1

“(Snarl) Illinois is raising the price of cigarettes 25%!!! Why, I oughta…”

“What, give up smoking & live a healthier smoke-free life?  Increase the life-expectancy of an African-American man? Protect your children from the effects of second-hand smoke? Yeah, that’ll show ’em!”

Tim Jackson
The Chicago Defender

1985 Herb Block Jesse has his own form of population control

“Jesse has his own form of population control”

Herb Block
The Washington Post

1986 Herb Block Those Mexican foreigners down there are raising stuff thats dangerous

“[North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms:] ‘These Mexican foreigners down there are raising stuff that’s dangerous'”

Herb Block
The Washington Post

n.d. David Butler Second Thoughts Equal Opportunity Killer

“Target minorities? Moi? Why, I’ve always been an equal opportunity killer.”

David Butler

n.d. Benson Trophy Hunter Houston Post


Steve Benson, The Arizona Republic
The Morning News Tribune (Tacoma, Washington)
Circa 1990

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