Herbert Lawrence Block created newspaper editorial cartoons under the name “Herblock” from 1929 (at the Chicago Daily News) until his death at age 91 in 2001, by which time he had worked at The Washington Post for 55 years. His syndicated cartoons, which appeared in over 400 newspapers in the US, satirized public figures in power across the political spectrum. An advocate for civil rights, gun control, and campaign finance reform, he attacked demagogues, bigots, and blowhards at home and abroad. In a 1950 cartoon, he coined the term “McCarthyism.” In 1966 he was chosen to design the US postage stamp marking the 175th anniversary of the Bill of Rights.
Among Herblock’s frequent targets was the tobacco industry, as illustrated by the cartoons in this section, selected from 66 in the Center’s collection (published between 1964 and 2000), many on the original editorial pages of The Washington Post and other newspapers. His cartoons still hit home, decades after they first appeared.
The Herb Block Foundation helped defray the cost of shipping the original framed cartoon artworks in “Cartoonists Take Up Smoking” to the exhibition’s debut at the 2004 annual convention of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists in Lexington, Kentucky, as well as to the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Washington, DC, where the exhibition was on view from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007.
Examples of Herblock cartoons can always be seen in the Herblock Gallery at the Library of Congress https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock-gallery/, to which he willed over 14,000 ink and graphite drawings. https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblocks-history/about.html