In the early hours of June 6th, 1944 the largest invasion force in history took to the sea and skies to begin the liberation of Europe from domination by Nazi Germany. According to The D-Day Encyclopedia by Barrett Tillman, the invasion of Normandy consisted of 5,333 Allied ships and landing craft embarking nearly 175,000 men. The British and Canadians landed 75,215 and the Americans 57,500, for a total of 132,715, of whom about 3,400 were killed or missing. These men became heroes for their determination in the face of ferocious enemy resistance and unparalleled bravery against difficult odds. All were issued the essential materials for war. Included among the munitions, supplies, and rations were cigarettes. This section features nineteen compelling comments on the significance of cigarettes on D-Day, as cited in books by five historians.