Cases of melanoma in the United States alone. 1/3 of those who develop melanoma will die of the disease.
One leading cause of melanoma are tanning beds.
Surgeon General Indoor, Outdoor, Tanning Must Stop
Family Practice News
Of college-age women visit tanning salons regularly, in spite of increasing evidence that this practice is now considered the foremost causative factor in the rising incidence of melanoma – the most aggressive and deadly form of skin cancer.
Increased risk of melanoma just by visiting a tanning salon more than 10 times a year.
Experts Link Tanning Beds to Cancer
The Tuscaloosa News
July 20, 2009
For centuries, a pale complexion was cultivated by the aristocracy to distinguish it from ruddy-faced common laborers.
Beginning in the late 18th century, the Industrial Revolution shifted the workforce from farming to factories often in dense urban settings. The lack of sun exposure was found to cause health problems, notably the lack of Vitamin D that could result in the deforming bone disease rickets. The artificial ultraviolet light lamp was invented in the 1890s and used to prevent vitamin D deficiency in children and factory workers alike.
Such beneficial applications were touted in medical journal advertisements for the next fifty years (and artificial ultraviolet light therapy still plays a significant role in the treatment of psoriasis).
Miniature Portrait of Marie Antoinette
The term “sun lamp” was coined in the 1920s, and Parisian fashion designer Coco Chanel helped popularize tanning as a mark of the leisure class who could vacation on the Riviera and did not toil in factories. Although an advertisement for a sun lamp in the 1930s would claim that it was safe for the whole family, by then it had been discovered that laboratory rats exposed to ultraviolet light bulbs developed skin cancer.
Hanovia Lamps for Light Therapy
Journal of the American Medical Association
December 14, 1929
Sun lamps were aggressively promoted in major consumer magazines by General Electric and Westinghouse throughout the 1940s and 1950s in advertisements that highlighted the alleged allure of a tan while downplaying health claims. Outdoor tanning became increasingly popular in the 1960s, but in the late-1970s indoor tanning emerged in Europe before being introduced in the US in 1979. The incidence of melanoma has been steadily increasing ever since. Today there are more than 19,000 commercial tanning salons.
Although virtually all college students who use tanning beds are aware that the devices increase the chances of getting skin cancer, most students also believe that everything causes cancer and that tanning bed use is no more risky than many other habits.
Upwards of 31%-39% of students who use tanning beds may be addicted to tanning.
College newspapers are a key advertising medium for tanning bed salons. Literature reviews, internet searches, and personal communications have failed to identify any college newspapers that have either stopped accepting ads for commercial tanning salons or editorially urged students to avoid tanning beds.
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Tanning beds emit 12 times more ultraviolet A radiation (UVA, with a longer wave length that penetrates the skin more deeply, disrupts DNA, and causes premature aging and wrinkling) than sunlight.
of tanning bed radiation released is ultraviolet B. UVB burns the upper layers of the skin and increases the chances of getting skin cancer.
deaths from melanoma were predicted in 2013.
of the 28 million tanning bed users are young white women, and the torso is the most common site of melanoma in this age group (in whom there has been a 7-fold increase in melanoma in the past 40 years).
cases of melanoma in 2000.
cases of melanoma were predicted for 2013.
A 90% increase.